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Brighter Smiles for the Masses - Colgate vs. P&G Case Solution

Solution Id Length Case Author Case Publisher
1455 1254 Words (4 Pages) Felix Oberholzer-Gee, Dennis Yao, Filipa Azevedo Jorge Harvard Business School : 706435
This solution includes: A Word File A Word File and An Excel File An Excel File

Decision making can be based on numerous criteria, which can vary from situation to situation. Strategic decision making is the process of carrying out tactical decisions, keeping into consideration a broader vision or mission at hand. The current situation which P&G is experiencing demands decision making through a strategic framework. However, in order to do that, some requirements need to be defined. There needs to be a vision and a mission for which the relative tools will be displaced, and alternatives would be explored.

Following questions are answered in this case study solution

  1. Breakeven Analysis and ROI

  2. Company Wise Financial Analysis

  3. Financial feasibility of future alternatives

  4. Strategic decision making

  5. SWOT Analysis


Case Analysis for Brighter Smiles for the Masses - Colgate vs. P&G

The following paragraph lists down the vision and mission statement for P&G in relation to the tooth whitening market. These statements will be the benchmark in the financial feasibility and strategic decision making analysis.

  • Vision: By the end of 2010 become the undisputed market leader in the context of market share within tooth whitening industry.   

  • Mission: To deliver customers the tooth whitening product (White strips) with competitively priced and quality regulated features. 

1. Breakeven Analysis and ROI

However, before proceeding forward, you should first analyze the White strip’s project financial performance till date. The generation of the idea came in year 1997, and the product went on the road by August, 2000.The initial costs for this project were minimal, including research and development costs and equipment for advertising. These two factors amount to $130.1 million. Further advertising costs, which would result in favorable sales enhancement outcome, were $75 million. At the same time, due to a relatively unsaturated market, the sales were enormous during the next two years. Assuming that the only cost relatable to the product was the variable cost and the prices of the products are held constant for first two years, contribution margin comes out to be 45%. The breakeven point, in year terms, comes out to be 0.5543 years. It means that by 222th day from its first sale, the project would recover its initial cost. The unit sales needed for breakeven are 27 million. This milestone was also attained in the early months of year 2001.Total ‘accumulated profit’ till date, which is directly traceable to White strips, amounts $4382 million. The meager initial investment stands at $205.1 million. The return on investment comes out to be 20.37 Times. 

2. Company Wise Financial Analysis

As far as the company wise performance is concerned, during the last two years, P&G is losing its relative superiority in numerous accounting ratios. Colgate outperformed P&G in liquidity management and inventory turnover ratio. 

3. Financial feasibility of future alternatives

There are different moves and countermoves available to P&G. Lets one by one discuss them in terms of financial feasibility and the outcome. 

• Litigation

The litigation would be successful when more than 15% of customers would render the ad misleading. Considering the fact that 50% customers are unsatisfied and hence consequently will mark the ad misleading, there is an optimistic possibility that the ad would be off lined. The cost of litigation is $6000. However, the results this decision would bring are still vague. Let’s assume that 50% unsatisfied customers, after hearing about the successful litigation against Colgate, substitute to White Strips. The 48% market share of Colgate would decrease to 24% and the resulting decrease will lead to an enhancement of 24% market share for P&G. Hence the 2002 ending year share of P&G would come out to be (45+24) 69%. This additional market share, if retained through year 2003, will bring in additional profit amounting $41257*.12*0.24=$1188 million. 

• Increase media weights for Ad campaign

In the case of increasing the media weights for an ad campaign, the results are going to be truly vague. There is no guarantee that the results would be beneficial, as the ad campaign would not focus on comparative advertising. 

• Comparative Advertising campaign

In the case of comparative advertising, the results could pop out to be beneficial. Nevertheless, the maximum profit or market share potential cannot be calculated.

• Decrease in the unit price

The 2002 unit price is around $40. Let’s assume that for per dollar decrease in price, the market share gained is 1%. Also, P&G has to decrease the price by at the least 10-15 dollars to compete with that of Colgate’s ($15). Let’s assume that new price is $25. Without the price, the 2003 pro forma net income is $(3317) millions. The 15% additional market share would bring in $742 Million in profits. 

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