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Canadian Pacifics Bid For Norfolk Southern Case Solution

Solution Id Length Case Author Case Publisher
2209 550 Words (3 Pages) Benjamin C. Esty, E. Scott Mayfield Harvard Business School : 216057
This solution includes: A Word File A Word File and An Excel File An Excel File

In order to consider the bid of the Canadian Pacific for the acquisition of Norfolk Southern, it is important to understand the stand-alone value of Norfolk Southern. For this purpose, discounted cash flow model has been used to estimate the free cash flows to equity holders of Norfolk Southern. Firstly, revenue projections and EBIT margins were provided in the case which was utilized to determine free cash flows.

Following questions are answered in this case study solution:

  1. Norfolk Southern Valuation 


Case Study Questions Answers

The EBITDA was calculated by adding back the depreciation expense subsequently after-tax EBITDA was determined. The tax rate of 37% was used since it is the effective tax rate on the income statement of the company. 

The capital expenditure and net working capital were deducted from after-tax EBITDA thereby calculating the cash flows to equity. Return on equity of 107% was used as the discount rate since it is a close proximation to the cost of equity of Norfolk Southern. The terminal value was determined using the exit EBITDA multiple f 107x which is the average of multiples of major railroad acquisitions and transaction multiples. 

Discounting the cash flows, the total value of equity came out to be USD 24,943 Million. The total outstanding shares were determined by dividing the total net income for 2014 with the earnings per share in the same period. Per-share value comes out to be USD 81.7. The comparable approach was also used to determine the valuation of Norfolk Southern. The EBITDA multiple of 10.7 was multiplied by the EBITDA in 2014 which gave the enterprise value of USD 48 Million. The value of debt was deducted and cash was added to determine the value of equity.

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