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Sears Holding Corporation Case Solution
Sears Holding Corporation is the parent company of "Kmart" and "Sears". The company is an integrated retailer with significant physical and intangible assets and operates nationwide with a network of 1,672 full-time and specialty retail stores (Sears Brands, LLC, 2016). Sears holding corporation (symbol: SHLD) is listed on the NASDAQ index. It belongs to the services industry and within services industry to the department store segment. The market price of its stock is currently $11.22, at its 52-week low. As per annual report 2015, a number of shares outstanding are 106.6 million. Market capitalization amounts to 1.19 Billion. Average weekly return of Sears is -0.1% which when annualized equals -5%. The standard deviation of returns is 8% (Sears Holding Corporation, 2015).
Following questions are answered in this case study solution
Financial Ratios & Dupont Analysis
Common Size Analysis
Company’s Financial Condition
Case Analysis for Sears Holding Corporation
2. Financial Ratios & Dupont Analysis
Financial ratios of sears are difficult to interpret because operating income, net income and shareholder’s equity are negative. Liquidity ratios of the company are satisfactory and suggest that company will be able to fulfill its short term obligations. Profitability is a major issue as the company’s net profit margin of -4% is far below the department store segment average of 1.7%. Debt to equity ratio is negative for the company where as the segment average is 69.82. Revenue per employee, a productivity ratio which divides total revenue by a number of employees, shows significant improvement. It has increased from 4.92 in 2013 to 7.08 in 2015 (Sears Holding Corporation, 2015). As per Dupont analysis, the only positive is that company has been able to increase its asset use efficiency which is shown by the increase in asset turnover ratio. Overall, Ratio analysis reinforces the sentiment that the company is in a financially distressed state (Sears Holding Corporation, 2015).
3. Common Size Analysis
Common size helps an investor easily analyze a company's performance over time and identify trends in different line items of financial statements. In common size income statement, all line items are expressed as a percentage of revenue whereas in common size balance sheet all line items are expressed as a percentage of total assets (Gibson, 2012). Sears common size income statement doesn't show any surprising trend. Each line item as a percentage of sales is almost equal from 2013 to 2015 (Sears Holding Corporation , 2013); (Sears Holding Corporation, 2014); (Sears Holding Corporation, 2015).
Some trends are visible in the common size balance sheet. Long term debt shows a decrease from 2014. This has been achieved by entering into a sales-leaseback financial transaction with "Seritage’, an independently publicly traded real estate investment fund (REIT) (Sears Holding Corporation, 2014). Also, cash has been used to pay off some short term debt due to which cash also depicts a declining trend. Retained deficit is on the rise (29% of total assets in 2015). This is a source of major concern because negative retained earnings mean a company has no profits to reinvest and will have to seek other modes of financing to remain in the business (Sears Holding Corporation, 2015). Banks are reluctant to provide financing to such companies and hence, it overall impacts the going concern assumption (Brigham & Ehrhardt, 2013).
• Weighted Average Cost of Capital
As per the annual report 2015, the cost of debt on short term borrowing is 3.2% and on long term debt its 6.6%. The tax rate used to adjust costs of debt is 35%. Capital asset pricing model has been used to calculate the cost of equity (9.52%) (Sears Holding Corporation, 2015).
Re = Rf + B (Rm - Rf)
Risk free rate has been assumed equal to yield on T-bonds (10 years) that is 1.7%. Beta is calculated by regressing 10-years weekly returns of Sears (y-axis) on 10-years weekly return of S&P 500 returns (x-axis). The beta of Sears is 1.55. Market risk premium, the difference between markets return and risk free rate, amounts to 5.05%. The market value of debt has been assumed to equal the book value of debt. The market value of equity is calculated by multiplying current stock price ($11.22) with some shares outstanding (106.6 Million). Weighted average cost of capital comes out to be 5.37%. Please refer to excel sheet for all the calculations (Sears Holding Corporation, 2015).
4. Company’s Financial Condition
Sears is currently in a distressed condition. Revenue is decreasing with each passing year whereas operating losses are increasing each year positively contributing to the retained deficit. This also adversely impacts shareholders’ equity. Sears has a negative shareholder equity which effectively means that the company is bankrupt because it does not have sufficient assets to pay off its liabilities. Also, Cash balance left is a meagre 238 million and company will have to generate financing from other sources to fund its future projects (Sears Holding Corporation, 2015).
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